综合多本书籍及研究报告的说法,将其中有共识的桑黄药用功效整理如下:
  • 抗癌作用:强化免疫力,诱导癌细胞自行凋亡。
  • 抑制癌细胞的增殖及转移。
  • 减少化疗或放疗对正常细胞损伤的副作用。
  • 缓解癌症患者特有的疼痛。
  • 防癌防复发作用:预防癌细胞生成,阻止溃疡、息肉、良性肿瘤等恶变为癌症。
  • 抗氧化,提升免疫力,或避免癌症的复发。
  • 护肝作用:抗肝纤维化,促进肝细胞再生,防治慢性肝炎、肝硬化、肝腹水等。
  • 降低血脂,防止动脉硬化,防止心脑血管病的发生。

桑黄的主要有效成份

  • 高浓度高分子多糖体(1-3)-beta 葡聚糖: 含量比姬松茸高2 倍; 对顽症有抑制及预防的效果,并可减轻化疗药物的副作用;能活化免疫细胞11,12,16,17如:
    1. T-细胞活性 3倍
    2. B-细胞活性129倍
    3. 巨噬细胞活性 3~5倍
    4. NK细胞活性 2倍
  • 三萜类(包括灵芝酸):促进肝脏之新陈代谢,具护肝作用2,5;它亦可抑制肾脏血管紧张素转换酶(ACE)的活性,从而舒长血管、令血液流动畅通2
  • 黄酮类:可抗氧化,抑菌,调节机体免疫,抗肿瘤,解毒18
  • 吡喃酮类:消炎,抗氧化,抑菌,降血糖,抗肿瘤,预防和治疗自身免疫性炎症,防诱变,抗基因突变,解毒18
  • 麦角固醇: 麦角固醇是维生素D 的前趋物,维生素 D 具有帮助钙质吸收的功效,可以预防骨质疏松症;


参考文献

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